ABSTRACT: Traumatic brain injury (TBI), as a neurological injury, becomes a leading cause of disability and mortality due to lacking effective therapy. About 75% of TBI is mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). However, the complex molecular mechanisms underlying mTBI pathophysiology remains to be elucidated. In this study, iTRAQ-based quantitative proteomic approach was employed to measure temporal-global proteome changes of rat brain tissues from different time points (1 day, 7 day and 6 months) post single mTBI (smTBI) and repetitive mTBI (rmTBI). A total of 5169 proteins were identified, of which, 237 proteins were significantly changed between control rats and mTBI model rats. Fuzzy c-means (FCM) clustering analysis classified these 237 proteins into six clusters according to their temporal pattern of protein abundance. Functional bioinformatics analysis and protein−protein interaction (PPI) network mapping of these FCM clusters showed that phosphodiesterase 10A (Pde10a) and guanine nucleotide-binding protein G (olf) subunit alpha (Gnal) were the node proteins in the cAMP signaling pathway. Other biological processes, such as cell adhesion, autophagy, myelination, microtubule depolymerization and brain development, were also over-represented in FCM clusters. Further Western Blot experiments confirmed that Pde10a and Gnal were acutely up-regulated in severity-dependent manner by mTBI, but these two proteins could not be down-regulated to basal level at the time point of 6 months post repetitive mTBI. Our study demonstrated that different severity of mTBI cause significant temporal profiling change at the proteomic level and pointed out the cAMP signaling pathway-related proteins, Pde10a and Gnal, may play important roles in the pathogenesis and recovery of mTBI.
J Proteome Res. 2018 Feb 2;17(2):858-869. doi: 10.1021/acs.jproteome.7b00618. Epub 2017 Dec 27.